TRANSCRIBING FROM NOTATION TOTONIC SOL-FA
Tonic Sol-fah is a system used to notate vocal music using Frenchnames for the different degrees of the scale. This system is frequentlyused in choirs. The French names are as follows:
Degree of scale1234567Sol-fahname
ramalataWhen transcribing a piece of music from notation to tonic sol-fa,rhythms are shown using various symbols while the pitches are shownusing the initial of the names in the table above. For example, if thepiece is in Bb major, then Bb will be the tonic, ie. “d”. Therefore, if youare notating a D just above the Bb, the letter “m” for me would beused.
The pitch of notes is given by the letter as this tells the reader whatnote to sing. Because pieces of music generally span over 2 two ormore octaves, the octave at which a note must be sung needs to beshown.
Notes in the first octave are just shown as “d”, “r” etc
Notes one octave up are shown with a
, two octaves up with a
etc. For example, if you are in Bb major and the note you want towrite is a C on the second leger line above the stave, r
The same applies for notes below but instead of the octavenumber at the top, it is at the bottom. So if Bb is your tonic andyou want to write an A that is just below the middle line, youwould write t
When in a minor key, you start on the 6
degree on of the majorscale, ie. “lah”. The natural minor scale is therefore l, t, d, r, m, f, s.
The harmonic minor scale has a raised 7
degree, therefore“soh” becomes “se”. The harmonic minor scale is therefore l, t, d, r, m, f, se.